Notable exception of the religious syncretism is that of the Bhaktapur Jyapus who maintain their exclusive affiliation to Hinduism and invite the Rajopadhyaya as their purohit, where as most Kathmandu and Lalitpur Jyapus invite the Vajracharya. ➤ SongsNepal ➤ Social Media Management Referred to as 'Deva Brahman'(God Brahmin) or colloquially as 'Dyah Baje'(God Grandfather), these Brahmins with surnames Rajopadhyaya, Sharma, Acharya, among others, serve as family priest (purohit) primarily to the Hindu Srēṣṭha clans. From the Khas Brahman-Chhetri point of view, this large middle-ranking group includes the remaining Newar castes and other Tibeto-Burman speaking peoples. The parents traditionally arrange marriages for their sons and daughters, although, with the modernization of Nepali society, an increasing number of young people choose their own partners. The most common Newari surnames could be Shrestha, Manandhar, Shakya etc but you might be surprised to know there are more than 115 surnames in this caste.

It is widely believed that the present Rajopadhyaya Brahmins are the descendants of those immigrant groups. migrated into Kathmandu Valley in the 14th century and ruled as Malla kings and their nobility, who have since coalesced to form the current Chatharīya (Kshatriya) caste. All other Mongoloid groups would have been generally placed in caste-status accorded to the "Sae(n)". Correct me if I’m wrong, but I’ve always thought that Subedi(s) belong to shudderingly stinking “Baahun” community. Boiled rice and dal (a sauce made of lentils), in particular, must not be accepted from a person of lower caste. Rajopadhyaya and higher Chatharīya clans also try to avoid "Sa-Gotra" marriages; marrying someone of the same gotra. Members of this group are touchable and water acceptable. Rājopādhyāya Brahmins are on top of the Hindu Newar social hierarchy. My specialities are: [14] Historical records also show trading, service, and untouchable clans of the Indian plains immigrating to Nepal Valley along with the entourage of the Maithil and Malla kings, and in due process, becoming Newars themselves. For the non-Mongoloid hill 'Khas' tribe of the west who are in large part associated with the Gorkhali invaders, the term Partyā or Parbaté meaning hill-dweller is used in polite reference.

[13] Similarly, Newar untouchables and the clearly water-unacceptable but touchable groups are also untouchable or water-unacceptable to the Khas Brahmans and Chetris. They have been in control of the important means of production, namely the agricultural land, for generations. 1. In the past, the upper caste people used to look down upon the lower caste. If you love reading our post, support us to keep it up. Traditional families also get advice from family Jyotishi/Joshi for horoscope match-making. See here the total Nepali Thar haru. [8], The distinction between Hindu and Buddhist is largely irrelevant from the castes occupying the Shudra varna (Jyapu and below) as they generally do not differentiate between the either and profess both the religions equally and with great fervour.

Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. Historically, Newars in general divided non-Newar Nepalis into three general groups: Sae(n), Khae(n), Marsyā.

[1] The ordinary term, considered pejorative, is "Khae(n)" derived from their tribal designation Khas. But unlike the Rajopadhyaya Brahmins, most Newars do not consider them as being true Newar or as their Newar Brahmins, and accord them with lower caste-status than the Rajopadhyayas. (1966), "Spatial Organization of a Caste Society: The Example of the Newar in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal", "Castes Among Newars. [17] The Brahmins are higher in caste status than the king not because they are more powerful, but because of their superior ritual status. We have enlisted the Nepali Surnames. Even the old military-administrative caste of the Śreṣṭha was largely reduced to 'Matawali' status, and were barred from joining high military and administrative posts for a long period of time. Locals at Thimi Bhatkapur watching ‘Newar festival Bisket Jatra’ (Pic elpais.com), Anything missing? Chārtharīya. [20], 5. Starting of with the government and other foreign statistical evidence available of Nepal’s caste and ethnic structures and their size, I took the sample size of over 50,000 people from the various Facebook groups which were primarily ethnicity-based groups. [16] Within the Sresthas there are three hierarchically ranked, traditionally endogamous groups which describe themselves as i. Kshatriya or colloquially Chatharīya, ii. He succeeded in introducing the caste system to a much greater degree and rigidity than Jayasthitimalla, the Malla king had done just over five hundred years before him. [21] The name 'Uray' is said to have been derived from the Sanskrit term "upāsaka" meaning "devout layman". [4], Unlike the Hindu caste systems prevalent in Khas and Madhesi societies, the existence and influence of Buddhist "ex-monks" from ancient times in the Kathmandu Valley added a "double-headed" element to the Newar caste system.

The Newar Community [18] However, while the Bajracharyas' exclusive occupation is priesthood, the Shakyas follow the hereditary occupation of Goldsmiths. Ek-thariya caste groups include over 12 specialized hereditary occupational caste groups who also follow syncretic Hindu-Buddhist religion. Caste endogamy, however, which has been one of the main methods of maintaining status in India, is not strictly observed in Nepal by either the Newars or the Khasas. [5] The four classes varna encompassed a total of 64 castes jat within it, with the Shudras being further divided into 36 sub-castes. This entry was posted in Nepali Culture and tagged all newari caste lists, all newari surnames lists, are newars mongolian, ghemasu, ghemosu, list of caste in nepal, list of newar caste in nepal, maharjan caste, Newar, newar language, Newari, newari surname, rabindra ghemosu, नेवार थरहरु. Maithil Brahmins or colloquially Tirhute Brahmin with surnames Jhā and Miśra serve as temple priests and are later additions to the Newar nation, their population being slightly less than that of the Rajopadhyaya Brahmins.

[16] They are the purohits or family priests. Gubhāju-Baré, consists of two sub-groups, viz. [6] This group include among them highly differentiated and specialized castes—agriculturalists, farmers, potters, painters, dyers, florists, butchers, tailors, cleaners, etc.—métiers needed in the daily lives of the Newars or for their cultural or ritual needs. Required fields are marked *. Some also claim to have been descended from those Brahmins who came to Nepal as late as 17th CE as respected guests and royal priests of the Malla kings. 4. [2] The social structure of Newars is unique as it is the last remaining example of a pre-Islamic North Indic civilisation in which Buddhist elements enjoy equal status with the Brahmanic elements. [22] Some Udasas, like the Tuladhars, are among the most prosperous and wealthy people in Nepal, and used to have property interests in places like Lhasa, Darjeeling, Kalimpong and various other trade centres outside Nepal. They claim descent from Kanyakubja Brahmins, one of the five Pancha-Gauda North Indian Brahmin groupings, and history shows their presence in the Kathmandu valley as early as 4th CE. Conversely, those Khas groups untouchable to the upper Khas groups themselves are also untouchable for the Newars. ➤ Jr. Business Development Officer.

and form close to 45% of the entire Newar population. The Nepalese caste system broadly borrows the classical Hindu Chaturvarnashram model consisting of four broad social classes or varna: Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudra. Referred to as 'Deva Brahman'(God Brahmin) or colloquially as 'Dyah Baje'(God Grandfather), these Brahmins with surnames Rajopadhyaya, Sharma, Acharya, among others, serve as family priest (purohit) primarily to the Hindu Srēṣṭha clans. The southern plains Terai dwellers who are referred as Marsyā, which is a colloquial corruption of the word Madhesiyā. Your email address will not be published. [1] Furthermore, other non-Mongoloid hill groups who may be of dubious historical Khas connections, such as the Gaine, are included as Khae(n). Are they not? For most Newars, partners must belong to different descent-group lineages within the same caste. The Rajopadhyayas speak Newari language and were historically the raj-purohitas and gurus of the Licchavi and Malla kings. the Gubhajus or Vajrachāryas, and Bares or Shākyas. [7] Because of their high social status, these upper-level castes have also traditionally formed the core of the land-owning gentry and as patrons to all other caste groups.

[4] Jyapu and lower clean occupational groups accept water as well as boiled rice and lentils from them. The most successful attempt at imposing the caste system was made in the 19th century by Jung Bahadur Kunwar who was very keen to have his own status raised. List of Nepali Surnames | Family Names in Nepal Get the famous, popular, surname of Nepal. Urāy or Udās, consists of nine main subgroups, viz Tuladhar, Bania, Kansakar, Tamo (Tamrakar), Sthapit, Shikhrakar, Silakār, Selālik, Sindurākār etc. Bajiko caste is falls in newar caste list or not. [1] Therefore, the Hindu Rajopadhyaya Brahmins and Buddhist Vajracharyas occupy the highest position in Newar society. This latter group may consider all Newar people to be equally Matawali, essentially placing all upper-caste Newars in the Vaishya varna and lower-caste Newars among the clean Shudras, but this has never been the perception of the Newars themselves, especially among high-caste Newars.[5][12]. The Madhesiyā population have a history of being embraced by the Newar population.

They accord both the groups with the collective status of 'Srēṣṭha' or 'Sya:sya' because of their common socio-cultural and upper-caste and class identifier as the chief landlord/patron Hindu group. This term has also been traditionally used as synonymous to the Tamangs whose habitat has been the surrounding areas of the Valley. Marriage is, as a rule, patrilocal and monogamous. +977 9849930324 The Sae(n) were generally treated as water-unacceptable by Brahmans. ➤ Creative Video Production They were the primary carriers of trade between Nepal and Tibet.[6]. The Newar caste structure resembles … Higher castes are supposed to be 'more pure' because they celebrate more ceremonies and observe more rites of purification and because events such as births and death defile them for longer periods of time than they do Jyāpu agriculturists and other service providers.

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